Closing the nutrient cycles between urban and rural areas

The nutrient recycling concept envisaged in RUN and the path to a regionally closed cycle is complex. The starting point is the "basic material" of domestic bio-waste and domestic wastewater (top right in the image):

  1. Exclusively domestic wastewater, i.e. not industrially or commercially contaminated wastewater, is discharged from a residential area via drainage pipes, and afterwards collected and fed to the pilot plant. The organic kitchen waste is collected by waste disposal companies. This is how the raw material is made available for processing.

  2. In the pilot plant - a treatment plant especially developed for this purpose - kitchen waste and black water from the toilet are prepared and processed under strict criteria. At the end of the recycling process, the nutrients nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) are filtered out of the waste material in their pure form and processed into other recycled products.

  3. High-quality design fertilizer, biochar and bioplastic, e.g. for the use as silage film, will be produced and used in agricultural production. Agricultural companies near the pilot plant can use these products for the production of food or feed.

  4. Vegetables, cereals and many other foods that have been manured with the recycled fertilizer are offered at regional farmer's markets. Through recycling and processsing local wastewater and organic waste disposal important nutrients are brought back into the nutrient circle.

(c) RUN 2019

2. In einer speziellen großtechnischen Anlage werden die Abfall- und Abwasserströme nach Nährstoffen getrennt zur sicheren Weiterverar-beitung aufbereitet. Aus Grünschnitt wird Pflanzenkohle, aus Abwasser und Küchen-abfällen werden Design-Dünger und biologisch abbaubares Bioplastik.

3. Die neu entwickelten, hygienisch  unbedenklichen Endprodukte aus
den Reststoffen städtischer Siedlungen werden in der
landwirtschaftlichen Produktion wiederverwendet.

 

4. Städtische Bewohner*innen konsumieren landwirtschaftliche Produkte in Form von Nahrungs-mitteln, die mit recycelten Nährstoffen hergestellt wurden.

1. Grünschnitt, häusliche Bioabfälle und Abwässer aus städtischen Siedlungen
werden nach Stoffströmen getrennt.

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